Knowledge Note

"How gender differences in the propensity to become undocumented migrants may be driven by time constraints due to higher care burden women face"

Migrant workers are a key part of Indonesia’s economy. The equivalent of almost 7 percent of Indonesia’s labor force, an estimated 9 million people, work overseas and in 2016, over IDR 159 trillion (US dollar 11.2 billion) was sent back to Indonesia in the form of remittances. However, undocumented migration increases risk and lowers returns to workers abroad. Data from the Indonesia Safe Migration Survey (2018) shows that few migrant workers know the requirements to migrate as a documented migrant. Moreover, the risks of undocumented migration appear higher for women with time constraints.

EAST ASIA AND PACIFIC GENDER INNOVATION LAB (EAPGIL) carries out impact evaluations and inferential research to generate evidence on what works in closing gender gaps in assets, economic opportunities, and agency, and how closing these gaps can help achieve other development outcomes. Ultimately, EAPGIL seeks to increase the welfare of women and men in East Asia and the Pacific by promoting the uptake of effective policies and programs identified based on evidence.