Tackling Violence Against Women and Girls

Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is one of the most oppressive forms of gender inequality and stands as a fundamental barrier to equal participation of women and men in social, economic, and political spheres. Such violence impedes gender equality and the achievement of a range of development outcomes. VAWG is a complex and multifaceted problem that cannot effectively be addressed from a... view more


Join us in ending an epidemic: Violence Against Women and Girls

A video that promotes the importance of all sectors engaging in prevention and response to violence against women by demonstrating the impacts to women who experience violence and the communities they live in.


Addressing violence against women through transport

The lack of safety is a major reason girls and women modify their travel patters or altogether avoid transport services and public spaces. This can mean forgoing a better paid job for one paying less closer to home, or not working at all. Learn how to improve transport for women and girls.


Violence Against Women and Girls: Introduction
The violence against women and girls (VAWG) resource guide provides readers with basic information on the characteristics and consequences of VAWG, including its operational implications in World Bank priority sectors. The guide explains how to integrate VAWG prevention and response into Bank projects.


Violence Against Women and Girls: Transport
Violence against women and girls (VAWG) in transport and related public spaces can limit the success of infrastructure programs aimed at improving access to resources and services (jobs, health, and education). Contributing to women’s welfare through transport projects depends on creating a safe environment that recognizes all customers’ concerns and vulnerabilities.


Violence Against Women and Girls: Education
Girls across the globe face violence in, around, and on the way to and from schools. Investment in measures to prevent and response to violence against women and girls through education is needed.


Violence Against Women and Girls: Health
The health sector is often the first point of contact for survivors of VAWG and is a key entry point into the referral pathway to other sectors.


Violence Against Women and Girls: Social Protection
While numerous social protection programs have shown significantly positive impacts on poverty, equity, and human development outcomes, there is a continued need to adapt these programs to better accommodate the specific needs of women and girls. Doing so requires an understanding of some of the persistent challenges related to gender and violence against women and girls.


Violence Against Women and Girls: Citizen Security, Law and Justice
The number of countries recognizing domestic violence as a crime has risen from close to zero to 76 in just 37 years. Still, most countries do not have legislation criminalizing many forms of violence against women and girls (VAWG). While legislative reform is a very important step, it is insufficient to eliminate violence and must be accompanied by other social and structural interventions.


Violence Against Women and Girls: Disaster Risk Management
Women and girls are at greater risk of experiencing physical and sexual violence in emergency settings, which can also prevent women and girls from accessing services and shelter during an emergency or aid during recovery.


Violence Against Women and Girls: Finance and Enterprise Development
Gender discrimination results in inequalities in the labor market, legal injustices, and differential access to resources. Such discrimination is not only a violation of women’s human rights, it is an impediment to economic growth.

About the Presenters

Shomik Mehndiratta

Dr. Shomik Mehndiratta leads the World Bank’s Transport practice’s efforts related to climate change. In this role he provides technical and intellectual leadership to the Bank’s global efforts on low carbon transport systems as well as enhancing the climate resilience of transport infrastructure. He has been at the World Bank since 2002 and in the period 2007-2010 he lived and worked in China. Most of his work in the Bank has been working on urban mobility issues with clients in East Asia, South Africa and Latin America. He is co-editor and author of an edited book on Low Carbon Urban Development in China. Prior to the World Bank he worked at CRA International, a business and economics consulting firm, based out of Boston MA. Shomik is an Indian national, and holds a PhD from the University of California at Berkeley and a MBA jointly from INSEAD and China’s Tsinghua University.

Julie Babinard

Ms. Julie Babinard is a Senior Transport Specialist in the Transport and ICT Global Practice of the World Bank. Her research interests and publications focus primarily on social and environmental aspects of transport operations. As Gender Focal Point for her Practice, her work on gender has included providing technical guidance to project teams and to publications such as the World Development Report (WDR 2012) on Gender Equity and Development – the most recent Bank wide publication on gender issues for development; writing the World Bank Guidance Paper TP-28: Mainstreaming Gender in Road Transport Operational Guidance for World Bank Staff; leading research on the use of household surveys and impact evaluations for improving gender data relevant for transport operations; and leading capacity building activities on tools and expertise at World Bank events and with international partners. Ms. Babinard holds a Master in International Policy Studies from Stanford University with a background in environmental and natural resource economics. Prior to joining the Bank in 2001, she worked as a researcher for the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University, California, and at the International Food Policy Research Policy (IFPRI), Washington DC. She is the Co-Chair of the Transport Research Board (TRB) Accessible Transportation and Mobility Committee.

Pierre Guislain

Pierre Guislain, a Belgian national, is since July 2014, the Senior Director for the Transport and Information & Communication Technologies (ICT) Global Practice at the World Bank, providing support to developing countries in improving their connectivity and competitiveness by linking people to markets, services and employment opportunities. Pierre was previously (2006-2014) the Director of the joint Bank-IFC-MIGA Investment Climate Department (CIC). In this position, he also served as co-director at IFC for Fragile and Conflict Affected countries. From 2001-2006, Pierre was the Manager of the Bank’s Global Telecommunications and ICT Sector division. He joined the Bank in 1983 and has served the World Bank in a range of capacities in the legal department, private sector development, Africa, Asia, and Middle East and North Africa regions. During that time, he spearheaded the creation of the private participation in infrastructure division, and established and managed a joint program with the European Commission on Private Infrastructure in the Middle East and North Africa. He holds an MPA in Economics and Public Policy from Princeton University, as well as a graduate degree in Belgian and International Law and a Bachelor’s degree in Philosophy from the Université Catholique de Louvain.

Bianca Bianchi

Bianca Bianchi Alves is an urban transport specialist at the World Bank, PhD in Transport Engineering from the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil and has worked with the implementation of large transport infrastructure mainly in cities, such as Metros, BRTs, Road rings. She has been leading the implementation of several projects in the Bank in the same areas, and focuses on analytical work to support good decisions for sustainable transport. She has extensive academic experience on demand modelling and unreliability in urban transport.

Farhad Ahmed

Farhad Ahmed is a Senior Transport Specialist at the World Bank, currently based in Nepal. He is responsible for coordinating transport sector activities in Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. Before joining the World Bank in 2010, he was the director of a UK consultancy. He has a combination of skills: he graduated as a civil engineer in Bangladesh and later obtained postgraduate degrees in transport studies and transport economics in Australia and the UK respectively. Using this background he has built up a wide range of experience in engineering, economics and social development areas predominantly, but not exclusively, in the transport sector in developing countries. Farhad has an acute interest in facilitating the use of transport by different disadvantaged groups including women and differently-abled people. This has led him to conduct the gender and transport study in Nepal.