Knowledge Note

Relocating populations away from at-risk areas is a challenging process, but increasingly necessary in Small Island States where communities face imminent hazards to life and property due to factors such as sea-level rise, retreat can save lives and enhance the livelihoods of community how to manage such a process. In both countries, empowering relocation, helped to establish community support from the start. Planning for livelihoods and services in the relocated communities helped build willingness to relocate. In addition, retaining access to the coast was important, to ensure that communities could relocate to higher land without losing established livelihoods and cultural preferences that require access to the sea. Lastly, steps need to be taken to prevent people from settling back in the hazardous areas, for example by turning these areas into communal spaces where villagers may enjoy the ocean without permanent habitation. This note summarizes the above experiences, while recognizing that best practices are still emerging and will need to be adjusted for cases of long distance population relocation resulting from sea level rise