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VIDEO

A musical introduction to the panel part of a visual and performing art exhibition entitled Uprooted the Resilience of Refugees, Displaced People and Host Communities.

VIDEO

In this bite size video clip you will be introduced to the event panelist. Hear from World Bank President Jim Yong Kim on the link between development and security and it's critical relevance at this juncture, from General John Allen on how we can ensure development interventions provide and deliver concrete peace dividends that help security and from Bruno Le Maire about France's Sahel Initiative.

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In this bite size video hear from Mayor Thikra Mohammed Jabir Alwash about the current situation in Baghdad including how much time she spends on development vs security issues, from Minister Boubou Cissé on his perspective on the efficacy of the new integrated approach in contributing to peace and security in Mali and from General Allen on the lessons the international community can draw on from past conflicts and peacekeeping efforts.

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In this bite size video hear from Minister Boubou Cissé on how he sees the role of regional organizations in the prevention of violent conflicts going forward, from Minister Bruno Le Maire on what multilateral institutions can do to help fight illicit financial flows, and from President Jim Yong Kim on what the World Bank is doing to address illicit financial flows, identifying countries in pre-fragile states and how the World Bank is working to build resilient societies to deter the potential of conflict, violence and fragility in the future.

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In this final bite size video hear from Mayor Thikra Mohammed Jabir Alwash on what advice she would offer to the international community as someone who is dealing with security issues on a daily basis, from General Allen on what advice he would offer in terms of coordinating security, development and governance, from Minister Bruno Le Maire on the role of the private sector in security and development, with closing remarks from President Jim Yong Kim on whats next.

The Security-Development Nexus

As the lights dimmed in the Preston Auditorium for the start of the Security Development Nexus event, musicians rather than panelists took the stage. An impromptu musical performance followed, featuring songs of dislocation and loss by Syrian and Guinean singers. ‘Three Songs for the Uprooted,’ as the performance was called, with its evocation of the impacts of fragility set the tone for an event focused on deepening understanding of the critical relationship between security and development for restoring peace and consolidating stability.

One theme that ran through the discussion was the need to overcome the traditional separation among different actors. In describing the context, World Bank President Jim Yong Kim talked about how the forced displacement crisis had led to a revaluation of how humanitarian and development actors interacted. Dr. Kim acknowledged United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres as the first to call for closer cooperation to address the complex needs of refugees. With their status often lasting into decades, refugees had development needs that humanitarian actors were ill equipped to address.

General John Allen, now president of the Brookings Institution, also spoke of the need for close collaboration, but from the perspective of security and development actors. General Allen identified one of the primary causes for the failure of campaigns was ‘planning in isolation’; focusing exclusively on winning the war without preparing for peace. The recent campaign against DAESH was an example of a new approach, he noted, in which there was an immediate move to restore services in liberated areas. It was an important lesson on the need for joint planning among security, humanitarian and development actors.

The Mayor of Baghdad, Thikra Alwash, was also on the panel and echoed the need for close collaboration. Dr. Alwash described efforts to take advantage of improved security to clear roads and attract investments that would create jobs that would be longer term guarantee of stability. She warned that security would be critical for achieving development goals, and that while DAESH had been defeated, its ideology persisted and countering it would be a long campaign.

French Minister of Economy and Finance, Bruno Le Maire added to this theme by observing that winning a war against radicalism was impossible if the population does not have a long-term perspective. That perspective is achieved through education, promoting agriculture for independence, and economic recovery. This was at the heart of France’s dual track to promoting security in the Sahel, he explained. Both Minister Le Maire and General Allen also described the empowerment of women as central. General Allen noted that reconciliation processes that included women have proved to be more durable.

Malian Minister of Economy and Finance, Boubou Cisse noted that the Sahel Alliance was a model of international cooperation. Minister Cisse saw it as a sign of hope and called for greater alignment among all development, security and humanitarian actors for greater efficiency and impact. Along with the optimism, there was also a sense of urgency. In his concluding remarks, Dr. Kim described how the spread of technology has led to rising aspirations. Meeting these aspirations is an urgent mission as it will be key to future stability, and will require even closer collaboration to create economies that provide opportunities for all.

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About the Presenters

Jim Yong Kim

President, World Bank Group

Jim Yong Kim, M.D., Ph.D. is the President of the World Bank Group. Soon after he became president in July 2012, the organization established two goals: ending extreme poverty by 2030 and boosting shared prosperity for the bottom 40 percent of the population in developing countries. In September 2016, the World Bank Group Board unanimously reappointed Kim to a second five-year term as president, beginning July 2017.

Kim's career has been focused on health, education, and delivering services to the poor. Before joining the World Bank, he served as President of Dartmouth College and held professorships at Harvard Medical School and the Harvard School of Public Health. From 2003-2005, as Director of the World Health Organization's HIV/AIDS Department, he led the "3 by 5" initiative, the first-ever global goal for AIDS treatment, which helped to expand AIDS treatment in developing countries.

In 1987, Kim co-founded Partners In Health, a non-profit medical organization now working in poor communities on four continents. Trained as a physician and an anthropologist, he has received several awards, including a MacArthur "Genius" Fellowship, and recognitions such as one of America's "25 Best Leaders" by U.S. News & World Report, and in 2006 TIME magazine named him as one of its "100 Most Influential People in the World."

Thikra Mohammed Jabir Alwash

Mayor of Baghdad and Chairperson of the women advancement committee in Iraq

Dr. Alwash became first female Mayor of Baghdad in February 2015. She is also the Chairperson of the women advancement committee in Iraq, the high Committee for Baghdad Creative City of Literature and the Makiya Engineering Consultant of Baghdad Development Foundation. Dr. Alwash was Acting Project Manager in the Ministry of Education (2010-14), managing the rehabilitation/construction of the Iraqi universities project. She also served as Site Engineer for the construction of University of Babylon. Dr. Alwash champions the rights of women and girls and advocates towards gender equality and women’s empowerment in all spheres of life. She holds a Ph.D. in construction project management.

John R. Allen

President, Brookings Institution

John Allen became president of Brookings in November 2017. Allen is a retired U.S. Marine Corps four-star general and former commander of the NATO International Security Assistance Force and U.S. Forces in Afghanistan. In the latter role, Allen commanded 150,000 U.S. and NATO forced in Afghanistan from 2011-2013. Before retiring from public service, Allen served for 15 months as senior advisor to the Secretary of Defense on Middle East Security, as well as President Barack Obama’s special presidential envoy to the Global Coalition to Counter ISIL. During his nearly four-decade military career, Allen served in a variety of command and staff positions in the Marine Corps and the Joint Force, including for three years as the principal director of Asia-Pacific policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. He holds a B.S. in operations analysis from the U.S. Naval Academy, an M.A. in national security studies from Georgetown University, an M.S. in strategic intelligence from the Defense Intelligence College, and an M.S. in national security strategy from the National Defense University.

Boubou Cissé

Minister of Economy and Finance, Mali

Dr. Boubou Cissé is the Minister of Economy and Finance of Mali. Dr. Cisse holds a Ph.D in Economics from the University of Aix-Marseille, France and a Masters in Economics and Development Economics from CERDI/University of Auvergne, France. Dr. Cissé joined the World Bank Group in Washington in 2005 as an Economist and was promoted to Senior Economist and Project Manager of the Human Development Division in 2009.

In September 2013, he was appointed Minister in charge of Industry and Mines of Mali and was reappointed in April 2014 to head the Mining Department. Dr. Cissé is Minister of Economy and Finance since January 2016.

Bruno Le Maire

Minister for the Economy and Finance, France

Bruno Le Maire, who was born on 15 April 1969 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, is a French politician and diplomat. He currently holds the position of Minister for the Economy and Finance in Edouard Philippe’s government under Emmanuel Macron’s presidency. An alumnus of the École normale supérieure, holder of a higher degree (agrégation) in French language and literature, graduate of Sciences Po Paris and former student at the École nationale d'administration (ENA), Bruno Le Maire began his career as Foreign Affairs Adviser at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (known as the Quai d'Orsay). In 2002, he became Strategic Affairs Adviser to the Minister of Foreign Affairs followed by Adviser to the Minister of the Interior in 2004. In 2005, he joined Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin at Hôtel Matignon, first as an adviser and then as his Chief of Staff from 2006 to 2007. In June 2007, he was elected as MP for the first constituency of the Eure département. In December 2008, he was named Minister of State for European Affairs in François Fillon’s government before being appointed Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries in June 2009. He held the latter position until May 2012. In 2012, he was re-elected as MP for the Eure département.

In October 2012, he resigned from the foreign affairs advisers corps of the senior civil service. In November 2014, he was candidate for the presidency of the UMP party and took part in the centre-right primary for the French presidential election in November 2016.

Roula Khalaf

Deputy Editor, Financial Times

Roula Khalaf is Deputy Editor of the Financial Times. She has worked for the FT since 1995, first as North Africa correspondent, then Middle East correspondent and most recently as Middle East editor. Before joining the FT, she was a staff writer for Forbes magazine in New York. Roula oversees the FT’s network of foreign correspondents and bureaus. She writes regularly on global politics and business.