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"Differences women face in their working lives relative to men can result in unequal economic outcomes in retirement."

I was a nurse, I was a chef, a bottle shop attendant, a bus driver, taxi driver; sometimes I had two or three jobs together so I could go on holidays.”

This is a quote from an interview with Barbara Swanevelder;  a 69-year-old, divorced Australian woman who worked hard all her life, yet lives in poverty in retirement, surviving on a small pension supplemented by parcels from a food bank. 

The primary role of pension systems is to provide adequate income in old age, prevent poverty and insure for long lives.This case study examines the gender gap in access to pensions.