This podcast will explore GPOBA’s Nepal Solid Waste project. With rapid urbanization, population growth, and new economic activity, municipal solid waste is increasing at alarming rates, and is expected to almost triple in low and lower middle income countries by 2025. At the same time, solid waste management (SWM) systems in most developing countries are underfunded and suffer from lack of planning. Improving SWM requires intervention all along the supply chain. GPOBA’s SWM project in Nepal was created to expand SWM services in five municipalities. This webinar will discuss how OBA approaches can jump-start SWM services in low-income countries where service delivery is poor or non-existent or where fee collection to support waste services is a major challenge. This webinar series introduces innovative financing mechanisms that contribute to development solutions, linking needs, objectives and actual results. This series will focus on Results-based financing (RBF), in particular, which has emerged as an important tool for financing basic services because it changes the focus from inputs – funding given in advance for expected results – to verified outputs.” As a center of expertise for RBF, the Global Partnership on Output-Based Aid (GPOBA) brings together RBF practitioners and development partners to share results, experiences and lessons on RBF. GPOBA’s SWM project in Nepal was approved in 2013 with the purpose of expanding SWM services over a four-year period. An estimated 800,000 people are expected to benefit. The project aimed to improve access to high quality and financially sustainable waste management services in five participating municipalities. The OBA subsidy bridges the gap between the cost of delivering improved SWM services (capital costs, operations, and maintenance costs, and other expenses) and revenues that municipalities can collect for these services. The amount of the subsidy was designed to decrease over time, as services improve and the increases in fee collection rates contribute to cost recovery.