Knowledge Note

Niger is a vast landlocked country with an estimated population of 15 million, the majority of whom live along a narrow band of arable land on the country’s southern border. The economy is dominated by agricultural activity, including rearing livestock, mining (uranium and oil), and informal trading activities.1 The average per capita income was estimated at US$340 in 2009.2 GDP growth has been highly volatile but low on average.1 Two-thirds of the population subsists on less than US $1.25 per day