Melting Himalayan Glaciers: People, Environment, Economies

"Explore cutting-edge climate-resilience strategies within the wake of melting Himalayan glaciers."

Melting of the Himalayan glaciers, caused by climate change and black carbon from pollution, poses major risks to the people, environment and economies in South Asia and beyond.

A vital source of water for eight countries from Afghanistan to Myanmar, Himalayan glaci... view more


Part 1: Experts highlight the reasons behind why the Himalayan glaciers are melting. What does this mean for policy development, projects and behavioral change? 


Part 2: "Whether or not the glaciers get bigger or smaller, is extremly important to agriculture, ecosystem and human health,"  says Director and Professor, University of Maine Climate Change Institute Paul Mayewski.


Part 3: "Mountain Communities are just as fragile and vulnerable as the as the mountain environment itself", says Executive Director for Civil Society Coalition for Climate Change (CSCCC) and CEO of Mountain and Glacier Organization, Aisha Khan, who shares learnings from her experiences and work with the Water and Mountain Communities in Pakistan. 


Part 4: "How climate change and black carbon are impacting glacier melt across different sections and river basins in the region?" Lead Economist, South Asia Region, World Bank, Muthukumara S. Mani talks about  the economic impact (particularly on food, water, energy and livilihoods and jobs in the region) of the melting glacier. 


Part 5: In 2018, we hit an all-time high on carbon emmisions. Experts talk about how governments, businesses and private companies are working towards both addressing and reversing this phenomenon.  


Part 6: What are the biggest contributors to the melting glaciers in the Himalayan region? 


Part 7: There is a need for more regional cooperation and sharing of knowlege and data so organizations, countries and institutions do not work in silos. How is the World Bank along with governments partnering with local organizations to address this issue? 

About the Presenters

Aisha Khan

Executive Director for Civil Society Coalition for Climate Change (CSCCC) and CEO of Mountain and Glacier Organization (MGPO)

Aisha Khan is the Executive Director for Civil Society Coalition for Climate Change (CSCCC) and CEO of Mountain and Glacier Organization (MGPO) with responsibilities for management, policy planning, government relations, advocacy, capacity building and sustainability of programmatic activities at the national, sub national and international level. She is based in Islamabad, Pakistan. She is the founding member of Mountain and Glacier Organization (MGPO) and Civil Society Coalition for Climate Change (CSCCC). She has over 18 years’ experience in development work, designing and implementing sustainable development programs to build resilience and reduce vulnerability of unserved and underserved communities. Before serving as ED and CEO she has lived in 10 countries in Europe, Latin America, Africa, North America, South East Asia and South West Asia.

Paul Mayewski

Director and Professor, University of Maine Climate Change Institute

Paul Mayewski is an internationally acclaimed glaciologist, climate scientist, and polar explorer, and is director and a professor in the University of Maine’s Climate Change Institute. He has led over 55 expeditions to Antarctica, Greenland, the Himalaya, the Andes, and the sub-Antarctic Islands. Mayewski has also made numerous first ascents in the Transantarctic Mountains and has traversed more than 25,000 kilometers over Antarctica. Mayewski’s many scientific achievements include documenting naturally and human-produced changes in atmospheric chemistry and discovering the behavior of abrupt climate change events in the atmosphere. He has also won numerous honors, including the first internationally awarded Medal for Excellence in Antarctic Research and the Explorers Club Lowell Thomas Award.

Manisha Natarajan

Journalist and Anchor at CNBCTV18

Manisha is India's foremost editorial voice on Real Estate & Urban Development. She currently hosts the prime-time debate show 'Urban Reality' on CNBC-TV18, which focusses on Cities & Sustainability. Her connect with viewers also comes from her well researched show, 'The Real Deal', which maps urban transformation and real estate developments through the lens of policy & investments. Manisha learnt the ropes of television journalism, as a reporter for BBC World's 'Moneywise' & 'India Business Report'. She has anchored over 2,000 hours of live business news, including key events such as the Union Budget, Economic Survey, Credit Policy and Tax Roundtables with NDTV. She's also been a columnist with Indian Express and currently writes for Manisha is armed with an education in Economics, Journalism & Business Administration.

Muthukumara S. Mani

Lead Economist, South Asia Region, World Bank

Mr. Mani is as Lead Economist in the Office of the Chief Economist of the World Bank’s South Asia Region. He primarily works on green growth and climate change mitigation and adaptation issues in the region. Prior to joining the region, he led the World Bank's work on assessing environmental implications of development policy lending reforms in the Environment Department of the World Bank. Prior to joining this position, Mr. Mani was an economist in the Fiscal Affairs Department of the International Monetary Fund, where he was responsible for analyzing environmental implications of macroeconomic policies and programs, and in integrating environmental considerations broadly in the IMF country programs.

Hartwig Schafer

Vice President, South Asia Region, World Bank Group

Hartwig Schafer became the World Bank’s Vice President for the South Asia Region on July 1, 2018. In managing the World Bank’s engagement in South Asia to end extreme poverty and boost shared prosperity, Schafer leads relations with Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. He manages a portfolio of financial support worth more than $50 billion.Before joining the region, Schafer served as the Vice President for Global Themes where he oversaw the World Bank Group’s engagement in corporate priority areas of Fragility, Conflict and Violence, Gender, Infrastructure, Public-Private Partnerships, Guarantees, Climate Change, and Knowledge Management.