Knowledge Note

Pakistan is prone to geological and hydro-meteorological hazard events—earthquakes, floods, droughts, cyclones. Combined with rapid population growth, urbanization, environmental degradation, and a high concentration of people and assets in exposed areas, this hazard profile has raised population and infrastructure vulnerability, especially in urban areas. Losses from disasters have increased over the past 40 years, a trend that can be changed only through targeted interventions that boost resilience. Fortunately, the country is well endowed with capacity in government, academia, the private sector, and nongovernmental institutions. Greater resilience can be achieved through a holistic approach to disaster risk management: strengthening capacity and clarifying responsibilities of institutions engaged in disaster risk management at all levels of government; improving understanding of disaster risk among policy makers and disaster risk management practitioners, including the physical, human, and financial elements; investing in structural and nonstructural risk reduction measures; developing robust financial tools to reduce the fiscal impact of disasters on the state; and increasing awareness of and coping mechanisms for disaster risk among vulnerable populations.

About the Presenters

Haris Khan

Marc Forni