Archived Webinar

Local Dynamics for Sustainable Peace: The Case of Iraq

"Focusing on the case study of Mosul, the session discusses the role of development actors in addressing local fractures within a country that are aggravated by protracted conflict." 

Understanding and efficiently managing these local dynamics and historical grievances are essential in order to forge a path for the country or the community experiencing conflict toward sustainable peace. 

Mosul, a city in Iraq with a previous population of approximately 1.4 million, has experienced widespread destruction of public and private infrastructure during its liberation from the IS in July 2017. The objective of a GIZ project is to strengthen the resilience of returnees, internally displaced persons and host communities of the districts Mosul and Hamdaniya. To achieve this, basic public social infrastructure is rehabilitated and income generating measures as well as interventions contributing to peaceful coexistence and peacebuilding are implemented. By addressing these three fields of activity in a singular approach, the physical reconstruction of social infrastructure in the areas of education and health is directly linked to the improvement of social cohesion (peacebuilding).

An example on how transitional development assistance strengthens the resilience of affected people and institutions in Nineveh, Iraq, has been provided by the funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and is available here.

This session is part of the Fragility Forum 2020 Virtual Series and draws from the messages and recommendations of the Building for Peace Report.

About the Presenters

Jule Schultz

Head of Program SPI, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Jule Schultz is a political scientist with longstanding experience in reconciliation and approaches to peacebuilding in the MENA region. She is currently heading a program on promotion of dialogue among Syrian track one to three stakeholders. In her previous capacity, she managed the GIZ portfolio on Reconstruction and Peace Building in Iraq. The program aims at a comprehensive approach, combining reconstruction and livelihood programming with measures to foster social fabric and reconciliation.

Ramzi Afif Neman

Head of Iraq Office, World Bank

Ramzi, Head of the World Bank office in Iraq, brings over 35 years of experience working in humanitarian and development projects in the MNA region. Before joining the World Bank, Ramzi worked with government, international organizations and private sector. A Lebanese national, who joined the World Bank in Social Protection and Jobs (SPJ) in October 2013 as a Social Protection Specialist working on Iraq and Lebanon. He had also provided cross support to a number of projects on Forced Displacement in Africa, Municipal Emergency Services in Lebanon and, health reform projects in KSA and Iraq. Since 2017, Ramzi moved as a Senior Program Officer based in Baghdad where he supported projects under SURR (Emergency Operation for Development, Inclusion of Conflict affected Youth, Humanitarian/ Development Nexus), the CMU, SPJ for the design of the Emergency Social Stabilization & Resilience Project (ESSRP) and Social Fund for Development Project (SFD) and led the SFD. Ramzi is currently managing the Iraq Recovery Reform and Reconstruction Fund (I3RF).

Joseph Saba

Regional Director, Middle East Programs, World Bank

Joe served 13 years (1997-2010) as Regional Director for World Bank programs in the Middle East, serving since 2010 as a Senior Adviser focusing on assistance in conflict and violence affected contexts. In addition, he is Chairman of the Board of Directors for the American Near East Refugee Aid (ANERA) which delivers assistance in the West Bank and Gaza, Jordan and Lebanon. Joe is also an Adjunct Professor at Loyola Law School (Rule of Law and Development, Rome), a former Adjunct Professor at Georgetown Univ. School of Foreign Service and continues as a consultant to various international organizations and a lecturer for academic and training programs including at NATO. Before joining the World Bank in 1991, Joe was a partner in Jones Day, an international law firm, and was a founder and editor of International Executive Reports a publisher of professional journals. In 1987, he served as Counsel, US Congressional Committee to Investigate the Iran-Contra Affair. Joe has a JD from Yale Law School, an MA in Middle East Affairs, Harvard University and a BA, King’s College (PA).

Target Audience

Practitioners and general public

Questions Submitted

Mahaman Mourtala

- May 4, 2022


- Oct 22, 2021

jose luis

- Jul 21, 2021
que bien


- May 30, 2021


- Jan 12, 2021


- Oct 16, 2020
Interesting case, thank you.

Joy Mildred Adhiambo

- Sep 1, 2020
Local Dynamics for Sustainable Peace: The Case of Iraq
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