Knowledge Note

By delivering efficient, cost-effective and innovative maintenance services, well-designed output and performance-based road maintenance contracts can help maintain road assets and achieve value-for-money. Output-based contracts can also help governments build experience in undertaking Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs). Several factors need to be considered when designing and implementing these contracts to achieve their full benefits. This issue brief discusses five key lessons learned from PPIAF and the World Bank Group’s experiences in using output-based road maintenance contracts.