Richard Hosier is a Senior Energy Specialist for the World Bank currently working in the Africa Energy Practice. He has worked for the Bank since 2004 when he joined as Team Leader of the Climate and Chemicals Team with the Global Environment Facility Secretariat. Prior to joining the World Bank, he spent over ten years as the Principal Technical Adviser on Climate Change for the United Nations Development Program’s GEF Unit, based in New York. From 1985 until 1993, he served as an Assistant Professor of Energy Management and Policy and International Development and Appropriate Technology at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. From 1980 until 1992, he also worked for the Stockholm Environment Institute and the Beijer Institute of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on research and planning projects, which focused on energy for development in Kenya, Tanzania and Zimbabwe. He has worked in over 50 developing countries and published more than 30 refereed journal articles; 50 papers; and four book-length research monographs all focusing on energy for development, natural resource management and climate change.