Well-functioning institutions are critical to reducing poverty and boosting growth. However, fragile and conflict-affected states generally lack the political and institutional structures needed to address pockets of poverty and promote development. The challenges posed by the difficult context of conflict zones may require creative solutions. One relevant example where the World Bank met this challenge was in the innovation of procurement procedures in a recent Social Safety Net (SSN) program in Iraq. Adapting these practices to the local conditions played a key role in the successful completion of the project.