Knowledge Note

Despite the high risks and extraordinary challenges involved in working with fragile and conflict situations (FCS), the development impact, financial returns, and potential for improving lives can also be far greater than in middle-income countries. The three SmartLessons referenced here are from successful projects that set out to elevate the quality of life in Afghanistan for farmers, small and medium enterprises (SMEs), and individuals. They approached their objectives from three very different directions but made similar discoveries. Some common themes in these SmartLessons are the critical requirement to choose good partners, the importance of having a Plan B (and C, D, E...) when going into FCS, and the need for a well-thought-out exit strategy