Knowledge Note

"Around the world, gendered social norms continue to shape women's and men's participation in the labour market, new data by household composition show."

How are women’s employment outcomes shaped by domestic and caregiving responsibilities? Drawing on a global dataset and new indicators developed by UN Women and the International Labour Organization, this paper provides insights into the distribution of domestic and caregiving responsibilities within various types of households—insights that are critical at this juncture when policies and programmes are being designed to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic’s economic fallout.

This document is a United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) and International Labour Organization (ILO) publication.

This publication is part of the “Spotlight on the SDGs” series.