Knowledge Note

"When females spend time fetching water, children’s participation in school is affected"

Access to water is a key determinant of the productivity of women entrepreneurs in the informal sector. Agriculture depends heavily on water and continues to be the most important source of employment for women in low-income and lower-middle-income countries.

When females spend time fetching water, children’s participation in school is affected, as the children also have to help with domestic chores. Men and women can have differing levels of access to water resources—and to land ownership—and may, therefore, benefit differently from new water investments. 

How to Close Gender Gaps with Results-Based Financing in Water Projects report serves as a tool to project teams working on Results-Based Financing (RBF) projects in the water sector. It provides sector-specific entry points, key questions to consider, and sample objectives and indicators that can be used to consider how RBF can be used to close the gender gap.