VIDEO

Rural Livelihoods and the Gender Dimension

This lively back and forth addresses some of the conflicting approaches to understanding and working with gender disparities in the rural space.

VIDEO

Access to Land and Gender Issues

This session explores some of the factors that are important when dealing with land rights for women, including international standards, the need for targeting and the importance of data.

VIDEO

Gender in Agribusiness

This video offers insights and case examples of the how and where women are key players in agribusiness and productive value chains around the world.

VIDEO

Gender and Climate Smart Agriculture

In this short video, two specialists of climate-smart agriculture explore the complex but more importantly crucial role of women in tackling climate change in and through agriculture.

Gender and Agriculture

Gender plays a vital role from the farm to market. A variety of constraints however, impinge upon the ability for developing countries to perceive women as agents of food and nutritional security. Women play a vital role as agricultural producers and as agents of food and nutritional security. Yet relative to men, they have less access to productive assets such as land and services such as finance and extension. A variety of constraints impinge upon their ability to meaningfully participate in collective action as members of agricultural cooperative or water user associations. In both centralized and decentralized governance systems, women tend to lack political voice.

Gender inequalities result in less food being grown, less income being earned, and higher levels of poverty and food insecurity. Agriculture in low-income developing countries is a sector with exceptionally high impact in terms of its potential to reduce poverty. Yet for agricultural growth to fulfill this potential, gender disparities must be addressed and effectively reduced.

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About the Presenters

Caren Grown

Caren Grown joined the World Bank as senior director of the Gender Group in September 2014, after seven years as economist-in-residence and co-director of the Program on Gender Analysis in Economics at American University in Washington, DC. From 2011 to 2013 she was on leave as senior gender advisor and acting senior coordinator for Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment at the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), where she crafted the agency’s Gender Equality and Female Empowerment policy and led efforts to integrate gender equality throughout the agency’s policies and programs. During her career, she directed many collaborative, international research projects, including most recently the United Nations University-WIDER program on aid effectiveness and gender equality, the Gender Asset Gap Project, and the Project on Taxation and Gender Equity. Her recent books include Taxation and Gender Equity, co-edited with Imraan Valodia (Routledge 2010); The Feminist Economics of Trade, co-edited with Irene Van Staveren, Diane Elson, and Nilufer Cagatay (Routledge 2007); and Trading Women's Health and Rights: the Role of Trade Liberalization and Development, co-edited with Elissa Braunstein and Anju Malhotra (Zed Books 2006). She is the lead author (with Geeta Rao Gupta) of the Millennium Project Task Force 3 Report entitled Taking Action: Achieving Gender Equality and Empowering Women (Earthscan Press 2005) and co-author (with Gita Sen) of Development, Crises and Alternative Visions: Third World Women's Perspectives (Monthly Review Press 1987). Her articles have appeared in World Development, Journal of International Development, Feminist Economics, Health Policy and Planning, and The Lancet.

Greg Myers

Lead land Administration Specialist, World Bank

Rehana Vally

Rehana Vally is a Senior Agribusiness Specialist and joined the WBG 4 years ago. She has a master on international agro-economy focus on developing countries and a specialization on post-harvest technology from Cranfield University. She has been working for more than 15 years on international level on export commodities, logistic, agro-industry and quality issues. She has an extensive operational experience as she was the cocoa beans regional quality manager for Cargill and Country Manager for Unicontrol commodity BV (quality control and warehouse financing activities) in Africa.

Grahame Dixie

Grahame Dixie has over 35 year of experience as a practitioner of agricultural development and is currently the World Bank's agribusiness advisor in the Agriculture and Environmental Services department, where he provides advice on the design and implementation of agricultural commercialization projects. He leads the Benchmarking the Business of Agriculture (BBA) program, which will cover 80 countries and generate indicators, metrics and case studies to better enable policymakers to manage the emergence of a more market oriented family farming sector better able to feed the expanding food demand in cities. He also manages a program of research into the role and impact of larger scale agribusiness investments. One study looked at 179 such investment over 50 year period covering Sub-Saharan Africa and South East Asia. A second study visited 39 mature agribusinesses and calibrated the level and type of principles applied to each investment with the reaction from the surrounding communities. Mr. Dixie joined the World Bank South Asia department in 2006 and worked for four years as a front line task team lead designing and supervising projects primarily focused on the commercialization of agriculture in India, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Bhutan and Nepal. Previously, he was a consultant working at the interface between international aid and the private sector. He has worked in over 75 countries and on over 150 projects.

Natasha Hayward

Natasha Hayward is a Senior Rural Development Specialist, who joined the GE Unit in August last year after four years overseas in the World Bank’s Indonesia country office. In that assignment with GP SURR, Natasha was co-leading the PNPM Support Facility (PSF) - a multi-donor supported, Government-led facility to support implementation and innovation around Indonesia's National Community Empowerment Program (PNPM) – a nation-wide rural poverty reduction program. In her years at the PSF, Natasha led the analytic team, managed a number of lending and grant-financed projects focusing on Indonesia's disadvantaged areas and peoples, and advised on community driven approaches to livelihoods development. In her new position as Deputy Program Manager for the GAFSP Coordination Unit, Natasha will lead the M&E and Operational/Portfolio clusters to focus on delivery, quality control and results measurement, and also support the PM and team on client/stakeholder outreach, fundraising and knowledge management. Natasha joined the World Bank in 2003 as a YP, and has worked across the rural and local development portfolios in Africa, South and East Asia, with a focus on community driven development (CDD), social inclusion, and rural livelihoods. When in South Asia, she was a core member of the Rural Livelihoods team, task managing projects including the Tamil Nadu Community Empowerment and Poverty Reduction project, and serving as the Unit’s gender focal point. In early years in East Asia, Natasha worked on a portfolio including sustainable livelihoods development in Mongolia and rural development in Vietnam’s minority areas. Prior to joining the Bank, she worked for the UK's Department for International Development (DFID) and a number of NGOs, including overseas assignments in Vietnam, India and Malawi. She has a degree in social anthropology and a PhD in Development Studies from the University of London's School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS).

Parmesh Shah

Parmesh Shah is the Global Lead for Rural Livelihoods and Agricultural Jobs at the World Bank. In this position he provides leadership to Bank’s work in these areas and supports development of global knowledge and learning in these areas to offer solutions to clients and other development partners. He also leads the rural livelihood and development cluster in South Asia region of the World Bank and is involved in designing and supporting a number of large scale rural poverty reduction and inclusive growth programs in the region. His current areas of interest are economic and social organizations and networks of the poor, making markets and public services work for the poor, social entrepreneurship, ICT based innovations in agriculture and rural development, promotion of on farm and off farm jobs and public private and people partnerships for rural poverty reduction.
Prior to his current position, Parmesh worked as Coordinator of the Bank wide Community of Practice on ‘Participation’. In this role he supported development of operational knowledge and learning across the Bank group on community driven development, community participation, participation in development of country owned poverty reduction strategies and social accountability mechanisms,
Before joining the Bank, Parmesh worked for governments, civil society organizations, foundations and other bilateral and multilateral development organizations in Asia and Africa regions in the areas of community driven development, participatory approaches, institutional change and natural resources management.
He holds a D Phil in Development Studies from Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex, MBA from Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad and B Tech degree in Agricultural Engineering from Pantnagar in India.
He has authored a number of papers and publications and has co-edited a book ‘Fertile Lands: Economic and Environmental Impacts of Participatory Watershed Development Programs.’ ( IT Publications)

Ademola Braimoh

Patti Kristjanson

Dr. Kristjanson is a Canadian agricultural economist whose expertise includes poverty and livelihood analyses, impact assessment, agricultural system analyses and innovative research approaches for linking knowledge with action. She has over 25 years of experience leading and managing interdisciplinary agriculture research for development teams from international and national agricultural sectors across Africa and Asia. Based in Nairobi from 1992-2014 and now working out of Washing DC, from 2009-2014, Patti led the 'Linking Knowledge with Action' research theme and coordinated the gender research for the CGIAR programme on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). She continues to work on strengthening partnerships and co-developing innovative gender-transformative research methods and social learning approaches that increase the likelihood that CGIAR's highly collaborative research will lead to actions contributing to sustainable and more equitable poverty reduction