Archived Webinar

Freedom to Move - Part I: What Factors Shape Women’s Mobility?

Women’s social and economic empowerment depends on the ability to move about freely and safely. There is a strong correlation between mobility and labor force participation (I would get rid of this sentence as we still don’t have robust evidence about this). Women’s mobility choices and their ability to access jobs are influenced by a combination of infrastructure, transport services, and community and household factors. It is also important to recognize that women use transport modes, assess public space safety, and make employment decisions very differently depending on their social standing, ethnic background and geographical location. This webinar will present research from Argentina, Brazil, Peru, India, and North Macedonia to unpack mobility among different of groups women, and offer a variety of practical recommendations for improving their mobility.

About the Presenters

Karla Dominguez Gonzalez

Karla Dominguez Gonzalez is a Gender Specialist in the Transport Global Practice of the World Bank. During her time at the World Bank, she has focused on the analysis of the barriers and enabler’s for women’s mobility and accessibility, strategies to address sexual harassment in public transport within urban settings, and gender analysis for rural road projects in Latin America and Africa. Before joining the WB, she worked for international NGOs as Oxfam and for different agencies of the Mexican government, including the Ministry of Social Development, where she coordinated the design and implementation of its gender mainstreaming strategy. Karla holds a MSc Development Management from the London School of Economics and Political Science and a Certificate on Public Administration from the Maxwell School at Syracuse University.

Nato Kurshitashvili

Nato Kurshitashvili is a Gender Specialist with the Transport Global Practice at the World Bank. Previously she worked as a Principal Gender Adviser at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). Prior to that, she had been part of the Statistical Division of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe working in a multi-country project to support national statistical offices to improve collection and dissemination of sex-disaggregated data. Nato holds a MSc in Social Policy and Development from the London School of Economics and Political Science and MA in Public Policy from the Central European University.

Muneeza Mehmood Alam

Muneeza Mehmood Alam is an Economist in the Transport Global Practice of the World Bank. During her time at the Bank she has worked on a myriad of topics relating to infrastructure and economic policy. These include economic corridors and regional connectivity, urban transport, logistics, gender, and electric mobility. Muneeza has a keen interest in understanding the mechanisms through which the economic and social benefits of transport investments can be maximized and more equitably distributed. Muneeza holds a PhD in Economics from Yale University and prior to joining the World Bank she has worked in economic consulting.

Moderator: Maria Beatriz Orlando

Maria Beatriz is a Development Economist and specialist in social inclusion, labor markets and gender analysis. While at the World Bank she has contributed to gender equality and inclusion in Latin America and the Caribbean, Africa, and South Asia through applied analytical work, coordination of efforts to include a gender and social inclusion lens in operations and policy dialogue. She has conducted research on labor markets and poverty, the socio-economic impact of gender- based violence, access to services and opportunities for different social and ethnic groups, female labor force participation, women’s entrepreneurship, gender- based violence, gender and energy, and the development relevance of gender norms. Prior to joining the World Bank she worked as a Research Associate at the Center for Global Development and Professor at Universidad Católica Andres Bello (Caracas, Venezuela).

Questions Submitted


- Jul 24, 2021


- May 28, 2021

jose luis

- May 26, 2021
a caminar


- Mar 18, 2021


- Jan 12, 2021

Joy Mildred Adhiambo

- Nov 24, 2020
Factors that Shape Women’s Mobility
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