Land is one of the most valuable assets for rural people. First, it is a productive asset, and second, land is often the only available collateral for credit in rural areas. Despite strong recent economic growth and overall development, gender disparities in access to and control over land remain pervasive in the East Asia Region. Women remain less likely to own land than men and, even when they do, their holdings are likely to be smaller and less valuable than those of men. There are a number of distinct factors limiting women’s access and ownership of land in the region—from gender biased legal frameworks to cultural norms and practices that deem land to be a “male asset.” Therefore, effective policies aiming to reduce gender disparities in land ownership, increase female land holdings, and improve women’s livelihoods must take context-specific constraints into consideration. In recent years, several countries in the region have made headway toward increasing ownership and control over land by women. For example, Indonesia and Vietnam identified and addressed gender inequalities and adopted gender-sensitive reforms in land titling projects.

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Land Rights

Justice Services