Knowledge Note

The debate about where and how governments should invest in education has raged for decades. On one side are those who argue for strong support to basic education (usually towards universal primary education but also now for early childhood education) in order to guarantee that all citizens have an equal opportunity to gain the foundation essential for further learning and later success in life. On the other, are those who insist on more investment in higher education in order to provide strong professional and technical leadership for the nation and, increasingly, ensure a competitive edge for the nation in a globalizing world. Those who argue for investing in the middle – secondary education, both academic and vocational – are also making an ever stronger case for support.