Archived Webinar

Digital Ag Series - New capabilities for rapid assessment of food security: Satellite imagery to measure the effect of war on agriculture in Ukraine

"NASA Harvest and its Food Security and Agriculture Program is partnered with the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine to provide satellite-based information on the impact of the war on agriculture in Ukraine."

For over a decade NASA Harvest scientists have been developing satellite-based techniques to monitor commodity crops such as wheat and maize in Ukraine. NASA Harvest, NASA’s Food Security and Agriculture Program, is partnered with the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine to provide satellite-based information on the impact of the war on agriculture in Ukraine. This includes estimates of area planted to winter and spring crops, damage assessments, and yield forecasts, with a focus on the Russian-controlled territories, where little ground information is available.  

 Harvest’s Rapid Assessment Team based at the University of Maryland and the University of Strasburg has delineated and mapped all agriculture fields across the country’s 24 oblasts. They have also tracked the progress of winter crop harvests and have found that most of the winter crops like wheat and rapeseed, which would have been planted in the fall of 2021, have still been harvested, including within the Russian-controlled territories. As for the spring and summer crop planting, which includes commodity crops like corn and sunflower, NASA Harvest’s results also found that while there is a higher proportion of unplanted areas in the Russian-occupied regions, planting and harvesting are still occurring on both geographical sides of the conflict. In fact, NASA Harvest is currently estimating a higher production out of the region than other publicly sourced estimates. 

Satellite data provide comprehensive, real-time, information across the globe that can fill key information gaps, especially when ground access is not possible. While we demonstrate the value of such information for monitoring agricultural lands in Ukraine, this capability has immense value for many other areas of the world that are facing conflict or extreme weather that limit rapid assessments of the impact on agricultural production and food security. 

About the Presenters

Sergiy Zorya

Acting Practice Manager, Lead Agricultural Economist, Europe & Central Asia Region (ECA), The World Bank 

Sergiy Zorya is the Lead Agricultural Economist in Europe & Central Asia Region (ECA). Sergiy is currently based in Vienna, Austria, working on the agri-food sector program in Ukraine, Uzbekistan, and other countries. Sergiy joined the World Bank in 2005 through the Young Professionals Program, and prior to ECA region he worked in other two World Bank’s Regions (Africa and East Asia & Pacific) and in Agriculture and Environmental Services Anchor Unit. His field assignments include Thailand (2013-2016), Vietnam (2016-2018), and Uzbekistan (2018-2021). Sergiy holds the Master degree in Agricultural Economics from the Agricultural University of Zhytomyr, Ukraine, and Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics from the Georg-August University Göttingen, Germany.

Inbal Becker-Reshef

Program Director of NASA Harvest, University of Maryland, Department of Geographical Sciences  

Inbal Becker-Reshef is the Program Director of NASA Harvest, leading the overall program, research and vision for Harvest. Inbal’s work is focused on the application of satellite information for agricultural monitoring from the field to global scales, supporting decisions in food security and agricultural markets. She worked closely with national and international partners to initiate the GEOGLAM (GEO Global Agricultural Monitoring) Program, adopted by the G20 in 2011 under the action plan on food price volatility and agriculture. Within this program she is a Program Scientist at the GEOGLAM Secretariat, leading the Crop Monitor initiative, which brings together close to 40 national and international organizations to provide operational monthly global assessments of crop conditions and prospects for the main food suppliers and export countries of the world, as well as for the country’s most vulnerable to food insecurity. She is a Co-Director of the Center for Global Agricultural Monitoring Research at UMD, and a member of the AMIS Steering Committee, GEOGLAM-Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) Technical Team, NASA Water Resources Applied Science Team, and leads the NASA SERVIR Food Security and Agriculture Theme of the Applied Sciences Team. Her background is in soil sciences and remote sensing and she received her Ph.D in Geographical Sciences from the University of Maryland in 2012. She was recently recognized by the US State Department for her work on Food Security and Technologies, winning the US Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Science Prize for Innovation, Research, and Education (ASPIRE) awarded by John Holdren, Former Assistant to the President for Science and Technology.

Klaus Deininger

Lead Economist, Development Economics, The World Bank

Klaus Deininger is a Lead Economist in the Sustainability and Infrastructure Team of the Development Research Group. His areas of research focus on income and asset inequality and its relationship to poverty reduction and growth; access to land, land markets and land reform and their impact on household welfare and agricultural productivity; land tenure and its impact on investment, including environmental sustainability; and capacity building (including the use of quantitative and qualitative methods) for policy analysis and evaluation. He is a German national with a Ph.D. in Applied Economics from the University of Minnesota, an MA in Agricultural Economics from the University of Berlin, and an MA in theology from the University of Bonn. In 2016, he was elected Fellow of the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

Joe Glauber

Senior Research fellow, IFPRI

Joe Glauber is a Senior Research Fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute in Washington, DC where his areas of interest are price volatility, global grain reserves, crop insurance and trade. Prior to joining IFPRI, Glauber spent over 30 years at the U.S. Department of Agriculture including as Chief Economist from 2008 to 2014. As Chief Economist, he was responsible for the Department’s agricultural forecasts and projections, oversaw climate, energy and regulatory issues, and served as Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation. From 2007-2009, Glauber was the Special Doha Agricultural Envoy at the office of the U.S. Trade Representative where he served as chief agricultural negotiator in the Doha talks. He served as economic adviser at the so-called Blair House agreements leading to the completion of the Uruguay Round negotiations. He is the author of numerous studies on crop insurance, disaster policy and U.S. farm policy. Dr. Glauber received his Ph.D. in agricultural economics from the University of Wisconsin in 1984 and holds an AB in anthropology from the University of Chicago. In 2012, he was elected Fellow of the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association. 

Dr. Kiersten Johnson

Team Leader, Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) Management Team, USAID

Dr. Kiersten Johnson serves as the Team Leader for USAID's Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) Management Team at USAID. FEWS NET forecasts how many people will need emergency food assistance, where they are located, how severe their needs are likely to be, when their needs will be greatest, and for how long. The program does this by analyzing satellite remote sensing data on climate-related events such as drought, flood, and other disasters; remotely sensed data on agricultural production; and data on livelihoods; markets, trade and prices; and conflict to produce evidence-based projections that enable early intervention in evolving humanitarian and human security crises. Dr. Johnson's work is grounded in more than two decades of methodological development, implementation, and research involving analyses of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Health Service Provision Assessment data for USAID's Bureau for Global Health, USAID's Climate Change Initiative, and USAID's Forestry and Biodiversity Office, as well as for the World Bank, UNAIDS, UNICEF, and UNFPA. She has led innovative developments in the integration of NASA’s satellite remote-sensing data into the DHS to explore associations among climate, environment, and health and nutrition outcomes. Dr. Johnson has published on topics including gender, climate change and biodiversity, child nutrition, food security, impacts of socioeconomic inequalities on health outcomes, HIV/AIDS, health systems, maternal and child health, and malaria. 

Marie-Agnès Jouanjean

Economist, Data-driven Digital Agriculture, Agriculture and Food Global Practice, The World Bank

Marie-Agnès Jouanjean is an Economist with the Agriculture and Food Global Practice at the World Bank. She focuses on data-driven and digital agriculture, exploring how digital technologies can support the transformation of agri-food systems in developing countries, and the role of governments to maximize efficiency, equity, and environmental sustainability outcomes. Prior to joining the World Bank, Marie-Agnès worked at the OECD where she developed policy-oriented analysis on various dimensions of digital technologies in agriculture and trade as well as on Global Value Chains (GVCs). She also worked for a Think Tank (Overseas Development Institute (ODI)) and a range of International Organisations on barriers to trade (infrastructure, services, NTMs), regional integration, economics of resilience and climate change adaptation. Marie-Agnès holds a PhD in International Economics from Sciences Po Paris, that she did in collaboration with the research centre, LICOS, in KULeuven. She also has a degree as an Agronomist (IRC-CNEARC/Montpellier SupAgro and ENSAIA National School of Agronomics and food Industry).

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jose luis

- Nov 23, 2022

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