Archived Webinar

Childcare Solutions: Changing fathers’ attitudes and involvement in care and early childhood education

​Gender roles concerning the care of young children are strongly related to differential use of time between fathers and mothers and a competing demand for care and work activities.  Given that productive and reproductive years overlap for women, key barriers to work are often related to the conflicting demands of their time spent on care and work-related activities which produce a vicious circle of low labor participation, reduced earnings, and persistent inequalities. Incentivizing fathers’ involvement in child-bearing practices has the potential to affect two important goals: ensuring that children get appropriate attention and care to foster their development; and facilitating higher female labor force participation. Care and early childhood education policies, as well as maternity, paternity, and parental leave provisions are critical for reducing the barriers to participation of both parents in the labor market and in parenting.

This session will discuss policy interventions to influence fathers’ involvement through behavioral approaches based on the idea that social norms and individual beliefs of the roles of fathers and mothers in childcare pull them toward certain frames and patterns of collective behavior with resulting consequences on gender inequality.  

About the Presenters

Ana Maria Munoz Boudet, Senior Social Scientist

Ana Maria Munoz Boudet is a senior social scientist in the World Bank’s Poverty and Equity Global Practice with the Mind, Behavior, and Development Unit (eMBeD). Her work focuses on gender, poverty and inequality issues. She has worked in Latin America and the Caribbean, Europe and Central Asia, Africa, and South Asia. As part of eMBeD Ana Maria’s work has focused on socio-emotional skills development to close gaps in education and labor markets, and in changing behaviors associated with negative human capital outcomes. She has led analytical research at the country and regional level, impact evaluations of policies and programs, as well as technical assistance to client countries. Ana Maria is also part of the South Asia Gender Innovation Lab (SARGIL). She is a co-author of the World Development Report 2012 on Gender Equality and Development. A sociologist by training, she holds a master’s degree from the London School of Economics and doctorate studies from the University College of London.

Lourdes Rodriguez-Chamussy, Senior Economist

Lourdes Rodriguez-Chamussy is a senior economist in the Poverty and Equity Global Practice at The World Bank and co-leads the Gender Innovation Lab for the Latin America and Caribbean region. Her work focuses on applied microeconomics, labor markets, gender and political economy of development. She has published articles on poverty measurement and is the author of the book Cashing in on Education: Women, Childcare and Prosperity in Latin America and the Caribbean. She holds a Ph.D. in agricultural and resource economics from the University of California, Berkeley.

Jacobus de Hoop, Senior Economist

Jacobus de Hoop is a senior economist in the World Bank’s Poverty and Equity Global Practice. Before joining the World Bank, Jacob worked as a humanitarian policy research manager at UNICEF Office of Research – Innocenti, was a member of the Transfer Project, worked as a researcher at the International Labour Organization (ILO), and was affiliated with the Paris School of Economics as a Marie Curie Post-Doctoral Fellow. He holds a PhD in economics from the Tinbergen Institute and VU University in Amsterdam.

Target Audience

Donor community, international organizations, development practitioners working on changing social and cultural norms which create an obstacle to gender equality, academia, researchers, non-governmental organizations.

Questions Submitted

Mahaman Mourtala

- May 22, 2022


- Oct 16, 2021


- May 10, 2021

Mohammad Nadir

- Apr 27, 2021


- Apr 24, 2021
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