Knowledge Note

Burundi was devastated by many years of civil conflict and four wars following its independence in 1962.1 During the last conflict, GNI per capita (Atlas method) decreased by nearly 40 percent between 1993 and 2005. With a 3 percent average growth rate from 2001 to 2008, and a stagnant GDP per capita (US$110), Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world.1 The number of people below the poverty line almost doubled from 35 percent in 1993 67 percent in 2006.1 Recent estimates based on wealth index comparison indicate that poverty might have worsened from 2005 to 2009. Four-fifths of the population still subsists on less than US $1.25 per day