Knowledge Note

Afghanistan has faced civil war and political instability since the late 1970’s. The Afghan government has found it challenging to restore delivery of basic services including food, shelter, and security.1 In recent years, education and health care systems, in particular, are being revived and expanded. Three in five Afghan children are chronically undernourished, half of children under-five are underweight, and one-fifth of children die before their 5th birthday. Forty two percent of the population still subsists on less than US $1.25 per day.