Located off the southern coast of the Indian subcontinent in South Asia, Sri Lanka is highly vulnerable to natural hazards. This was brought into sharp focus by the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004, with a death toll of around 35,000. Despite the enormity of this event, routine flooding and drought are the natural hazards that present the most significant threats to the long-term growth and development of Sri Lanka. In addition, landslides and high winds frequently destroy or damage thousands of houses every year. Sri Lanka has embarked on a comprehensive disaster risk management (DRM) program to reduce the adverse impacts of climate change and to adapt the stock of infrastructure to extreme climate shocks. To increase both short-term and long-term resilience, the government is engaged with the World Bank on several fronts.